FDI stock as reported (a) and ultimate investing country (UIC) estimates (b) (EUR billion). Note: Offshore is the aggregate of UK Caribbean, the Bahamas, Bermuda, Panama and the Seychelles. Sources: European Commission Finflows (Joint JRC-DG ECFIN database); Damgaard et al. (2019).

  Part of: Domínguez-Jiménez M, Poitiers NF (2020) An analysis of EU FDI inflow into Russia. Russian Journal of Economics 6(2): 144-161. https://doi.org/10.32609/j.ruje.6.55880